This is the first significant public stance by a leading American think tank that does not join the chorus demanding continued escalation in the war in Ukraine, leading some to conclude that the debate behind closed doors is getting louder, with some ready to declare ‘victory’ and move on to the next theatre.

‘More than ever one should not expect the United States to risk its head for solo adventures (Alleingänge) of its allies. No American president will put the nuclear fate of his nation into European hands’ (unlike, one cannot avoid noting, European presidents putting their nations’ fate in American hands).

There are many paradigms of the inventive act, but Graham Wallas’s 1926 theory outlining the creative process is still particularly interesting today. Wallas, though aware of the fluidity of the creative process, subdivided it into four phases. The first phase, preparation, consists of focusing on the problem, realizing that it can be solved, and collecting and organizing the required information. The second phase, incubation, concerns the manipulation of the collected material not only via sequential reasoning but also through mental feedback circuits. These two phases together are called “maturation,” which might last for years. The third phase, illumination, is concentrated on the epiphany of the solution, and ignores all hierarchies in activating all possible thinking modes: deduction, induction, and abduction. The fourth and final phase, verification, focuses on the logical structure of what has been elaborated so as to make the idea comprehensible, communicable, and feasible. As a result, there is a significant difference between the third phase and the others in terms of both time and intellectual importance, exemplified by Thomas Edison’s belief that “genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.”

One common joke among AI researchers is that as soon as something works, it’s no longer AI; it’s just software. That might make AI research somewhat depressing, since by definition the only things that count are failures, but there’s some truth to it. AI is inherently a mystifying science-fiction term. Once it becomes reality, it’s no longer mystifying. We used to assume that reading chest X-rays required a radiologist: that is, an intelligent human with appropriate training. Now we realize that it’s a rote task that can also be performed by a computer.

A castle that dates back thousands of years was severely damaged in Gaziantep, near the epicenter of the initial quake.

JP Morgan sees RR’s LTSAs producing fewer profits going forward. “We are increasingly concerned that RR may have mispriced its long-term service agreements (LTSAs) and that the future profit on these contracts will disappoint, for two reasons. First, the costs to maintain its engines are likely to be higher than expected when it priced many of the LTSAs. Second, we see challenges with RR being able to fully pass on all of its cost inflation on LTSAs to its customers,” JP Morgan writes. And RR has higher exposure to LTSAs than its competitors.

Tier 2 and Tier 3 suppliers have been devastated by a change in Boeing payment policy: Instead of paying on invoices in 30 days, Boeing now is holding onto the checks for 90 to 120 days – which drains the small companies of their working capital.

it’s always hard to anticipate what disruptive technology will change

No major American newspaper dug into the earlier threats to the pipelines made by Biden and Undersecretary of State Nuland.

“At the moment the government proposal appears to be vague and overly broad. While it states that the provisions ‘will not apply to commercially available mobile phones nor the encrypted messaging apps available on them’ it is difficult to see how it will not result in targeting devices used on a daily [basis] by human rights defenders, protesters and pretty much all of us who want to keep our data secure,” Ioannis Kouvakas, senior legal officer and assistant general counsel at UK-based activism organization Privacy International, told Motherboard in an email.

FBiOS was never intentionally architected this way. The app’s codebase reflects 10 years of evolution, spurred by technical decisions necessary to support the growing number of engineers working on the app, its stability, and, above all, the user experience. Now, to celebrate the codebase’s 10-year anniversary, we’re shedding some light on the technical decisions behind this evolution, as well as their historical context.